1008-1542 article 超疏水表面仿生原型制備技術研究現狀及前景分析 Research progress and development prospect of superhydrophobic bionic prototype preparation technology 超疏水表面是指水滴靜態接觸角>150°且滾動角<10°的材料表面?;诜律こ虒W原理,學者已對典型超疏水仿生原型進行廣泛研究,并依此制備出功能優異的超疏水表面,廣泛應用于自清潔、防腐蝕、疏水抑冰及船艦減阻等諸多工程領域。本文從典型動植物超疏水仿生原型的表面微形貌結構與機理入手,綜述形貌結構特征與超疏水潤濕特性的關系,介紹表面潤濕行為基本表征模型和超疏水潤濕特性數學模型;重點關注仿生超疏水表面制備技術的最新研究進展,主要包括超疏水表面傳統制備方法、3D打印制備超疏水表面、制備超疏水樣件潤濕特性表征等;并對未來需要關注的研究方向進行分析,以期加深學者對超疏水潤濕特性的認知,促進超疏水表面仿生原型制備新思路、新方法、新技術的發展。 Superhydrophobic surface can make the water droplet show a static contact angle larger than 150° and a sliding angle smaller than 10°. Based on bionic engineering principle, scholars have comprehensively researched the typical superhydrophobic bionic prototypes, and successfully prepared surfaces with excellent superhydrophobic function, which are widely used in many engineering fields, such as self-cleaning, anti-corrosion, hydrophobic ice suppression and ship drag reduction. In this review, based on the surface micromorphology and mechanism of several typical superhydrophobic prototypes of animals and plants in nature, the relationship between structural characteristics and superhydrophobic wettability properties is reviewed, and basic characterization models of surface wetting behaviors and mathematical models of superhydrophobic wetting properties are introduced. Especially, we focus on the recent progress in bionic superhydrophobic surface preparation technology, mainly including the traditional preparation methods of superhydrophobic surface, the 3D printing technology of superhydrophobic surface preparation, and the wettability characterization methods of fabricated superhydrophobic surface. Meanwhile, several aspects that should be paid attention to in near future are highlighted. This review enriches the further understanding of superhydrophobic wettability, and promotes the development of new ideas, new methods and new technologies in superhydrophobic surface preparation. 表面結構仿生;潤濕特性;仿生原型;3D打印技術;超疏水表面 surface structure bionic; wettability; bionic prototype; 3D printing technology; superhydrophobic surface 張碩研,紀運廣,王立新,張琳琳 JI Yunguang,WANG Lixin 河北科技大學機械工程學院 School of Mechanical Engineering,Hebei University of Science and Technology,Shijiazhuang hbkjdx/article/abstract/QB201909100158
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